03 JUL 2017 General-
ORAL HEALTH IN PREGNANCY. THESE ANSWERS TO THE MOST COMMON QUESTIONS
In the case of women, oral health is an even more pertinent issue during the gestation period. Since pregnancy causes a series of changes in the female body, a greater oscillation hormonal and still emotional, this phase is also characterized by "particular repercussions at the oral level."
Who says it is a doctor Teresa Xavier, responsible for the consultation of Pediatric Dentistry at the Institute of Implantology, which uses a series of questions and answers to make known all the myths and truths about oral health during pregnancy.
Let’s start with the idea that pregnancy damages a woman’s teeth. According to the specialist, it is incorrect to think that gestation causes a weakening of the teeth due to the loss of calcium and that may still be at the origin of the appearance of dental caries. "What happens is that the more frequent food intake, with a high sugar content, together with the reduction of oral hygiene care and salivary pH plus acid as a result of nausea and vomiting, can increase the risk of caries," he explains.
And is going to the dentist recommended to the pregnant woman? Yes and Teresa Xavier points out that "it is a general consensus that the importance of medical-dental care during pregnancy is due to the risk of complications associated with untreated oral pathology, both for the pregnant woman and the fetus. Ideally medical-dental treatments should be performed in the second trimester, however they can be performed at any time during pregnancy, especially in an emergency situation. "
As for fluoride, is it really necessary to take it when you are pregnant? If that’s the dentist’s recommendation, yes. "In addition to preventive strategies, the treatment of caries lesions is advised before (or during) pregnancy, in order to reduce eventual complications and the occurrence of the transmission of the microorganisms responsible for the development of dental caries for the child," explains, noting that "the mother must use a fluoridated paste and in cases of high risk of dental caries the use of fluoride elixir may be recommended", but of course through specialized advice.
Still with regard to caries, the possibility of transmission to the child is one of the issues that most doubt provokes. "It is of paramount importance for parents and caregivers to know that children are particularly susceptible to the transmission of Streptococcus mutans in the first three years of life and that prematurity of bacterial colonization can , along with other factors, cause the development of dental caries transversally to deciduous and permanent dentitions. Thus, behaviors such as blowing or tasting food with the same child’s spoon and putting the pacifier in the mother’s mouth should be avoided. "
And bleeding gums during pregnancy is normal? In the same note sent Tuesday, Dr. Teresa Xavier explains that it is a common situation and resultant "hormonal changes" related to this stage of women’s lives.